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AICRP(Spices), Sirsi

AICRP on Spices Centre established during 1987 at Agriculture Research Station (Pepper), Sirsi – 581 401, Uttara Kannada (Dist.,) Karnataka under the jurisdiction of University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad 58005, Karnataka. Recently the name of the station has been changed to Horticulture Research Station, Sirsi 581 401, Uttara Kannada (Dist.,) Karnataka and it comes under the jurisdiction of new University of Horticultural Sciences, Bagalkot, Karnataka since 1-4-2009. The present address of the centre is Scheme Head, AICRP on Spices, Horticulture Research Station, Sirsi – 581 401, Uttara Kannada, Karnataka.


  • Collection, conservation and evaluation of germplasms of black pepper
  • Standardization of production technology for black pepper in arecanut based multistoried cropping system
  • Crop improvement for high yielding varieties/diseases and pest resistance/tolerance in black pepper
  • Evolving technology for integrated nutrient management (INM) for spice and plantation crops.
  • Developing technology for integrated pest management (IPM) for black pepper and other spice


Ongoing Projects:

Crop : Black pepper
Discipline Expt. No Title Worth
Genetic Resources 1 PEP/CI/1.1 Germplasm collection, characterization, evaluation and conservation. Totally 127 germplasms are collected and being maintained at the station
Crop Improvement 2 PEP/CI/3.2 Co-ordinate Varietal Trial-2000 (CVT-2000, Series V) The height of the vine attained maximum in HP-34 and HP-105 (4.9 m each) followed by OP Karimunda and PRS–17 (4.6 m each).
3 PEP/CI/3.3 Co-ordinate Varietal Trial-2006 (CVT-2006, Series VI) Plants are in the initial stage of field establishment
Crop Management 4 PEP/CM/4.4 Development of organic packages for spices based cropping system (black pepper in arecanut mixed cropping system)- Observational trial There were no significant differences in dry berry yields among the treatments except in 2007-08
5 PEP/CM/4.5 Organic farming in black pepper-2006 (in arecanut mixed cropping system) 3 years after growth the vines treated with the integrated methods recorded significantly higher dry berry yield (1.20 kg/vine) compared to those with fully organics (1.01 kg/vine) and fully inorganic (0.94 kg/vine) methods
Crop Protection 6 PEP/CP/1.7 Management of Phytophthora foot rot disease in black pepper (adaptive trial) Black pepper vines treated with potassium phosphonate (@ 3 ml/ l) as spray and drench in combination with bio-agent i.e., T. harzianum (MTCC 5179) (@ 50 g/vine) with one kg of neem cake application to base of the vine during June and August is also effective in combating the disease
7 PEP/CP/1.8 Management of Phytophthora foot rot disease in black pepper (Existing plantations) Apart from the above mentioned in item no. 6 However, combination of T. harzianum (MTCC5179 and consortium of bacteria as (For growth, Nematode and Phytophthora suppression IISR-6 and IISR- 859)s soil application along with one kg of neem cake and spraying with consortium of bacteria twice in the season (June and August) has effective in control of Phytophthora foot rot of black pepper.
8 PEP/CP/1.9 Management of Phytophthora foot rot disease in black pepper (New plantation) The planting of vines in arecanut garden is completed and the experiment is in progress.

Salient Research Achievements:


  • Released SAS-1 arecanut in 1996 which gives higher yield and is of good quality
  • This variety has covered about 14% of the Arecanut area.
  • Released SC-1(Sirsi Colocasia -1) variety in tuber vegetable in the year 2008
  • Fertilizer recommendation of 200-80-280 NPK g/plant with double the recommended dose of FYM was found remunerative for Arecanut and pepper mixed cropping.
  • Two promising lines in black pepper viz., 1) Ademane pepper (long spiker, higher yield and tolerant to Phytophthora root rot) and 2) Kudragutta, (tolerant to drought) were identified under CVT in 2006, under AICRP (Spices)
  • Application of 50g azospirillum + 50g phosphobacteria per plant with recommended dose of fertilizer has given higher yields in black pepper with improvement in quality.
  • Spraying 1% Bordeaux mixture to nursery will control the quick wilt in black pepper. The spray should be repeated at 15 days interval or sprayed with 0.125% metalexil MZ-72 (WP) to crop and also nursery bed has to be drenched.
  • For the management of Phytophthora foot rot in black pepper, crop should be sprayed with 0.25% ridomil gold 68 (WP) or 0.3% Potassium phosphonate during June and August and also drenching the soil with 3 litres per vine and 1kg of neemcake with 50g of Trichoderma harzianum to the root zone of vines twice in a year
  • Bio control agent 1% Pseudomonas fluorescens application to the vine as spraying (@ 2 l /vine) and drenching (@ 3 l /vine) during June and second week of August for management of phytophthora root rot was helpful.


Low cost technology for large scale multiplication of Trichoderma harzianum by using agricultural wastes viz., Arecanut, coconut husk and dried Arecanut frond was helpful.

Contact Us:

AICRP on Spices (Pepper) Sirsi Dr. Laxminarayan Hegde
Prof. & Head
Horticultural Research & Extension Centre (HREC), P.O. Box no. 23,
SIRSI-581 401 (Uttara Kannada)
Phone: 08384-226797/247787
Cell: 09480696391


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